Even hilly cities have flat bike networks hiding inside them
August 08, 2017
Michael Andersen, PlacesForBikes staff writer
There's no doubt: Hills are a problem for bike transportation. Which is why one company's concept for removing the hills from a city has such promise.
The short video above comes from Lisbon, Portugal, a city built on "seven hills." It's made by a firm called Horizontal Lisbon, which makes the intriguing promise that it's discovered how to make the city horizontal.
The secret: finding a bikeable city threaded through the familiar one.
Horizontal Lisbon mapped 1,093 km of city streets, it explains. Then it calculated the incline of every single one:
Of those, 691 km have grades of no more than 4 percent — suitable for relatively low-stress biking. (For comparison's sake, that's about half the maximum 8.33 percent grade allowed by the Americans with Disabilities Act for bridges and access ramps.)
Using its new maps of the city's flattest 63 percent of streets, Horizontal Lisbon then identified a series of relatively flat bike routes, assigning a color to each one as if it were a subway line. This maps one of the routes and its feeder streets in yellow:
And here's green:
The suggestion of using color to independently brand different bike routes is novel, but seems appropriate for the winding paths these routes would need to take through the city.
Horizontal Lisbon's concept has mostly just been marketing for their mobile app, which helps people choose flat routes to bike on.
But there's a broader lesson here for any city that wants to build for biking. Street maps are not enough to know if a network works. To serve people who haven't built up thighs of iron, cities should calculate which streets are flat and assign particular importance to getting low-stress bike routes on those streets.
In many U.S. cities, this will mean running protected bike lanes on one-time streetcar routes that remain commercial corridors today. Topography, after all, has been shaping our cities since their beginning.
As Horizontal Lisbon shows, computers may be useful for this job. But considering the contours of the land as we plan our transportation system isn't really a high-tech innovation. It's more like a forgotten skill, passed down directly from our grandparents.
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